What is the specific mechanism for Thu Duc city to develop according to The Global City?
Without a breakthrough mechanism, it will be difficult for the Thu Duc city model to create a new driving force and growth pole for Ho Chi Minh City as expected by the Central Government and the people of the city.
Thu Duc City is amalgamated from District 2, District 9, and Thu Duc District.
In order to create a specific development mechanism commensurate with the position and role of Ho Chi Minh City, the 14th National Assembly issued Resolution 131/2020/QH14 and the National Assembly Standing Committee issued Resolution No. 1111/NQ-UBTVQH14 (effective from January 1, 2021) on the organization of urban government and the establishment of Thu Duc city, under Ho Chi Minh City. After 1 year of implementing the Resolutions, Thu Duc city has formed, operated, and gradually stabilized.
However, after a year of fighting the COVID-19 epidemic as well as the lack of a specific mechanism, the operation of the "city within a city" model is still only "beginning", still operating as the administrative level of the district and district under the management of the Government. Former Ho Chi Minh City.
Therefore, without a breakthrough mechanism, it will be difficult for the Thu Duc city model to create a new driving force and growth pole for Ho Chi Minh City as expected by the Central Government and the city's people.
* Great Expectations
Thu Duc city has a natural area of nearly 212 km2, a population of more than 1.2 million people, was established on the basis of merging districts 2, 9 and Thu Duc district including 34 wards. Located at the eastern gateway of Ho Chi Minh City, Thu Duc city is considered to have a favorable basic infrastructure to connect and cooperate in economic development with localities in the Southern key economic region to facilitate economic development. create products with high scientific and technological content. Thu Duc city will contribute about 7% of the country's GDP.
According to the People's Committee of Ho Chi Minh City, the core goal of Thu Duc city is to become the nucleus of the 4th industrial revolution of Ho Chi Minh City and the Southern Key Economic Zone. In terms of planning, Thu Duc city will have 8 key areas including Thu Thiem New Urban Area, Rach Chiec National Sports Complex, Hi-Tech Park, National University Area, Tam Da Area - Long Phuoc, Truong Tho urban area, Cat Lai international port area, the largest startup center in Vietnam.
This place is also expected to form added value chains from scientific research, application, product design, production of auxiliary products, high-tech agricultural products, consumption and supply of agricultural products. service products. This is also a living, learning and working environment for experts, scientists, and highly qualified workers, and is the location for implementing the project of the highly interactive creative urban area in the East of Ho Chi Minh City. Bright.
To meet that expectation, right from the beginning of 2021, leaders of Ho Chi Minh City have issued many decisions, including arranging the contingent of cadres, civil servants, public employees, employees and non-professionals. responsibilities at the commune level and handle policy regimes for redundant cases when organizing urban government and establishing Thu Duc city.
The People's Committee of Ho Chi Minh City has also issued the Model Working Regulations of the People's Committee of Thu Duc City, the People's Committee of the District, the People's Committee of the Ward, step by step standardizing the working regulations of each level, standardizing the name and number of specialized departments. under the People's Committee of Thu Duc city.
In 2021, the total state budget revenue in Thu Duc city will reach VND 10,350 billion (reaching 124% of the target). The progress of disbursement of projects reached 96.43%, there were 4,092 newly established enterprises with a total registered capital of 62,255 billion VND, bringing the total number of enterprises operating in the area to 41,320 enterprises.
According to the report of the Department of Home Affairs of Ho Chi Minh City, in 2021, Thu Duc city has completed the arrangement, arrangement and settlement of regimes and policies for 47 cases of civil servants and employees. In 2022, Thu Duc city will continue to organize, arrange and arrange for the remaining 182 cases. The People's Committee of Thu Duc City has been proactive in reviewing, arranging and arranging a contingent of cadres, civil servants and public employees in accordance with the quality, capacity and standards and conditions of the new working position, in a timely manner. the time to serve the duties of the agency or unit in accordance with the new situation.
Regarding planning, Director of the Department of Planning and Architecture of Ho Chi Minh City Nguyen Thanh Nha said: Currently, Ho Chi Minh City is preparing a project to adjust the general planning of Ho Chi Minh City to 2040. With a vision to 2060, the general planning project of Thu Duc city is being carried out in parallel, it is expected that in 2022, it will be submitted to the Prime Minister for approval of the general planning project of Thu Duc city with a vision to 2040.
* Need special policy
Evaluation after one year of establishment and operation of Thu Duc city, Mr. Hoang Tung, Chairman of Thu Duc City People's Committee said: Thu Duc city still operates like the previous district-level administrative unit. Therefore, there should be a chapter in the Law on Organization of Urban Government that regulates the organization and operation of "city within city", this is not only for Thu Duc city but also for the city model of cities in many countries. other local.
From an expert perspective, Mr. Tran Hoang Ngan, Director of the Ho Chi Minh City Institute for Development Studies, said that the Thu Duc city government still does not really have an appropriate legal framework to actively organize the implementation of the project. economic and social activities in the area under the guidance, support, supervision and inspection of the Ho Chi Minh City government and central agencies.
Currently, the Ho Chi Minh City Party Committee is directing relevant agencies to complete the Resolution on directions, tasks and a number of mechanisms for Thu Duc city development in the 2021-2025 period, with a vision to 2030. In which, it focuses on major issues such as urban model, decentralization, solutions to maximize resources, and remove obstacles in decentralization for Thu Duc city.
“Pending a breakthrough policy mechanism, based on current legal regulations, Ho Chi Minh City needs to actively promote the decentralization and decentralization of powers to the People's Committee of Thu Duc City, Chairman of the City People's Committee. Thu Duc is at a higher level than the districts in order to maximize the effectiveness and efficiency in management and administration activities. In which, focus on decentralization of investment decision-making authority, organizational structure, personnel, public land auction, public service bidding, removal of restrictions on market entry conditions for businesses”, suggested Mr. Tran Hoang Ngan.
Sharing the same opinion, Mr. Tran Du Lich, an economic expert, said that the implementation of Thu Duc city's activities is suggesting that Ho Chi Minh City needs to ask the Central Government to pilot three mechanisms for Thu Duc city, including: authority to issue legal documents; competence in investment management in the fields of land, planning, construction and environment; authority in public finance.
“Thu Duc city is the model of “city within city” for the first time stipulated in the Constitution and implemented into real life.
The requirement for the authorities of Ho Chi Minh City and Thu Duc city is to petition the Central Government to approve a Resolution of the National Assembly on Thu Duc city with contents related to mechanism, decentralization, authorization, authorization.
The pilot for Thu Duc city is not only meaningful for this urban area, but can be applied to other urban areas across the country, "said Mr. Tran Du Lich.
See more at: The Global City Project